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We continue with more valuable information

Important - Please ensure you have checked out the essential global changes warning sites/links below, including the article TEN RISKY PLACES IN AMERICA by Mark Monmonier.

Emergency Preparedness

Preparation Time:
Start with the "Four Basics" - Food, Water, Medical and Shelter.
Store Food.
Store enough food to take you through several years of no crops Be realistic, and store a few varieties of seeds so that you may start growing food when conditions are suitable.
Store Water.
The amount of water you store depends on how much water you have access to in your local area. Water filters are essential
Water purification;
Boiling As soon as water starts to boil it is safe from most organisms. However, you may boil for a further 2 minutes or so it this makes you feel safer. Boiling does NOT eradicate chemical pollutants.
The use of chlorine and iodine as in potable Aqua
Water filters - Two basic types surface or membrane, and deep filters. Be aware that although ideal for quick convenient drinking water, they do not eradicate the smaller viruses check the type of filter.
Ideally, you will need more than just a basic first aid kit. Build or buy an extensive medical kit, and it may be useful to purchase and reference material on how to handle medical emergencies.
Consider the possibility that your current dwelling may be seriously damaged or destroyed, what is your backup?
The ideal strategy would be to construct an underground shelter, this may not be possible however, so if a cave site is available this may be the next best location. Hurricanes, tornadoes and even earthquakes can easily be handled in a proper underground shelter.
If the above is out of the question, or when time runs out, look for suitable alternative locations. See the introductory remarks on emergency preparedness.


Ultimate Guide to Disaster Preparedness on a Budget

Disaster Preparedness Surviving Any Emergency

How to Disaster-Proof your Home

Tsunami warnings and information

Tornadoes - Tornado on-line

CNN Storm Center

Asteroid and comet impact hazards

Near Earth Asteroid Tracking - NEAT

Daily Solar activity

Latest Solar satellite images from LASCO (Navy)

Latest SOHO solar satellite images

LIVE Volcano web cams

St Helens (Washington State) volcano web cam

Mount Rainier Volcano - via University of Washington cam (Mt Rainier in background)

Nuclear Power station sites (Global)

Nuclear Power stations - global map locations

In case of the above, you may need to know about the use of Potassium to KI



I thought that readers should be aware of this interesting article by Mark Monmonier a professor of geography at Syracuse University's Maxwel School of Citizenship and Public Affairs.


Ten Risky Places In America
The University of Chicago Press will soon release Mark Monmonier's new book, Cartographies of Danger, which looks at how well America maps its natural and technological hazards as well as social hazards like crime and disease. We asked Mark to give us a list of the country's ten most hazardous places. Here is his top ten (or is that bottom ten?) list:
Hazards of different types affecting areas of varying size are not easily compared. Even so, the research experience makes it easy to identify ten typical risky places--areas to which I would be reluctant to move.
1. Almost any place in California, for various reasons: In addition to earthquakes, wildfire, landslides, the state has volcanically active areas in the north, around Mt. Shasta and other major volcanoes, as well as in the east, where the Long Valley Caldera shows signs of renewed activity. Even beyond its infamous seismic zones, California's shoreline is vulnerable to tsunamis (seismic sea waves) from submarine earthquakes throughout the Pacific. More recent additions to this smorgasbord of hazards are smog, freeway snipers, urban riots, oil spills, and (looking ahead a few decades) severe water shortages.
2. Located only 70 miles from Mt. Rainier and Glacier Peak, which the U.S. Geological Survey considers active volcanoes, Seattle, Washington is also vulnerable to severe earthquakes. Unlike Californians, long aware of the risk, Washingtonians have only recently begun to plan for a seismic disaster.
3. Coastal Alaska and Hawaii are especially susceptible to tsunamis, huge waves whipped up by submarine earthquakes in the Ring of Fire encircling the Pacific Ocean. Alaska's Pacific coast is seismically active, and the Hawaiian Islands can generate their own tsunamis: deposits on Lanai suggest past run-ups as high as three thousand feet, and geophysicists fear a similar disaster were the southeast side of the Big Island (the island named Hawaii) to slide suddenly into the sea.
4. Tropical hurricanes pose a less catastrophic but more frequent danger to the Atlantic Coast, particularly to North Carolina's Outer Banks, a long, thin barrier island, from which evacuation is difficult. Since the seventeenth century, infrequent but fierce storms have carved new inlets, filled old channels, and move the shoreline westward at a rate of 3 to 5 feet per year. Moreover, if forecasts of a 250-foot rise in sea level because of global warming prove correct, current settlements on the Outer Banks could be wiped out in the next century or so.
5. Inadequate building codes, shoddy construction, low elevation, and level terrain make areas south of Miami especially vulnerable to high winds and flooding from storms like Hurricane Andrew, which caused over 20 billion dollars damage there in August 1992. Adding to the region's misery is metropolitan Miami's crime rate, one of the highest in the nation.
6. The Louisiana coast is also vulnerable to multiple hazards: winds and storm surge from tropical hurricanes, unnaturally high levees along the lower Mississippi River, and air and groundwater pollution from poorly regulated chemical industries concentrated along the state's Gulf Coast. Cancer mortality is extraordinarily high here as well.
7. The floodplains of the Mississippi and other mainstem rivers, which drain vast areas, are vulnerable to prolonged high water caused by persistent weather systems. The costly floods of summer 1993 demonstrated the shortsightedness of flood forecast models based on limited hydrologic data. Humans play a dangerous game of hydrologic roulette by building homes, factories, and sewage-treatment plants in low-lying areas along rivers.
8. Any floodplain, large or small, anywhere in the country. Think about it: What does the word mean, and how did the floodplain get there? Although most victims evacuate in time, a picturesque parcel where "a river runs through it" carries the threat of sodden heirlooms and undermined foundations. In arid areas, where thunderstorms are infrequent, flash floods kill around two hundred unsuspecting campers and hikers in a typical year. Along rivers large and small, the Federal Flood Insurance program uses maps to set rates, spread the risk, and encourage local governments to plan evacuations and control land use.
9. Because warm weather is attractive to affluent retirees and house-breakers, property crime is especially high in the south, where a warm climate favors year-round burglary. And urban areas with many young males, newly arrived or unemployed, are notorious for violent crime. Growing southern cities such as San Diego, Los Angeles, Phoenix, El Paso, and Miami, are thus especially hazardous, although risk varies greatly with neighborhood and time of day.
10. The neighborhoods of nuclear plants are risky areas of a different sort. Although catastrophic radiological accidents are rare and highly unlikely, the 1986 Chernobyl event had frightening consequences. More worrisome than the poor design and mismanagement underlying the 1979 Three Mile Island incident, near Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, is the specter of terrorism: a nuclear facility is an enormously attractive target for organized terrorists able to breach security with a vehicle bomb. Over four million people live within the ten-mile emergency planning zones (EPZs) around America's atomic power plants, and Chernobyl indicated clearly that radiological accidents can have a lethal reach much longer than ten miles. Equally daunting is the variation in emergency preparedness among EPZs.
Our country has many more hazardous environments: some mapped well, others poorly or not at all. As "Cartographies of Danger" demonstrates, hazard-zone maps are a relatively new cartographic product as well as a good indication of how well we understand hazards and manage risk. In the book I also point out why a comprehensive atlas of hazards is not yet possible and why place-rating guides that focus largely on crime present a distorted picture of danger.
Mark Monmonier is a professor of geography at Syracuse University's Maxwel School of Citizenship and Public Affairs. He is author of numerous books on cartography, including How to Lie with Maps (1991, 2nd ed. 1996) and Drawing the Line: Tales of Maps and Cartocontroversy (1995).
by Mark Monmonier
University of Chicago Press
This text may be used and shared in accordance with the fair-use provisions of U.S. copyright law, and it may be archived and redistributed in electronic form, provided that this entire notice, including copyright information, is carried and provided that Mark Monmonier and the University of Chicago Press are notified and no fee is charged for access. Archiving, redistribution, or republication of this text on other terms, in any medium, requires the consent of Mark Monmonier.